How to enable TPM 2.0 in the motherboard UEFI BIOS

Windows 11 has introduced new system requirement for compatible devices. One of them is that TPM 2.0 has to be enabled. TPM 2.0 (Trusted Platform Module) is an international standard designed to secure hardware and it is used by Windows 11 to improve the security against firmware and ransomware attacks. It is often disabled by default in the motherboard UEFI settings even when the computer supports it. We are going to see in this tutorial how I enabled it in order to allow my computer to pass Microsoft PC Health Check Windows 11 compatibility test.

TPM 2.0 enabled on this PC
TPM 2.0 enabled on this PC

Changing BIOS UEFI parameters can potentially prevent your system from starting up. It’s therefore a good idea to know how to reset the UEFI settings to their default values in case of need. Be sure to read the motherboard documentation if you do not know how to do it. In any case, if you feel unsure about reproducing the steps described of this tutorial, ask someone with good computer skills to help you. As always, the author and the website decline any responsibilities about the consequences of trying to reproduce these steps.

I had to access the motherboard UEFI BIOS in order to change the TPM 2.0 configuration. This is usually done by pressing a key before the computer starts to load the operation system (Windows 10 here). It is generally a key such as F2, F10, F12, DEL but that’s something that will depend on the motherboard manufacturer. This information usually appears on the computer boot screen (or otherwise in the motherboard documentation). I had to use the DEL key to enter the UEFI BIOS Setup.of my computer motherboard (GIGABYTE B450M DS3H).

DEL key to enter computer setup
DEL key to enter computer setup

I now had access to the computer UEFI BIOS setup. The user interface will be slightly different depending on the motherboard but there should be entries such as “System Info”, “Settings”, “BIOS”, “Peripherals”, “Chipset”, “Save and Exit” or something similar.

The TPM 2.0 parameter is typically in located in the Settings or Peripherals menu and its name should contain “TPM” but you may have to check the motherboard documentation to find the proper parameter.  The parameter is named “AMD CPU fTPM” in the GIGABYTE B450M DS3H  motherboard UEFI setup and it is located in the “Peripherals” menu:

Peripherals > AMD CPU fTPM
Peripherals > AMD CPU fTPM

As you can see, this parameter value was initially “Disabled” and it causes my computer to fail the Microsoft PC Health Check Windows 11 compatibility test. Therefore I selected this parameter using the keyboard arrows (you can also use the mouse cursor) and pressed the “Return ↵” key to change its value.

Enabling the AMD CPU fTPM parameter
Enabling the AMD CPU fTPM parameter

A small window opened, I selected “Enabled” and I pressed the “Return ” key (you can also use the mouse cursor) to change the AMD CPU fTPM parameter value and to close this window.

AMD CPU fTPM Enabled
AMD CPU fTPM Enabled

The “AMD CPU fTPM” parameter was now enabled. I navigated to the “Save & Exit” menu and I selected  “Save & Exit Setup” to save the changes and exit the UEFI setup.

Save & Exit Setup
Save & Exit Setup

I confirmed that I wanted to save the configuration and to restart the computer.

Save Configuration and Reset Computer
Save Configuration and Reset Computer

After a few seconds, the computer restarted and loaded Windows 10 without any issues. I decided to execute again the Microsoft PC Health Check Windows 11 compatibility test.

PC Health Check - This PC meets Windows 11 requirements
PC Health Check – This PC meets Windows 11 requirements

And this time, with TPM 2.0 activated, my PC met the Windows 11 system requirements. Great! I was now ready to install Windows 11, but that’s something that we will see in an other tutorial.

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